Surender Pal Singh is a researcher in Sikh studies. He works at the Sikh Research Institute (SikhRI), where he develops curriculum, presentations and research papers, and delivers online courses and webinars on Sikh theology, culture and history.
Surender Pal holds Master’s degrees in English and Religious Studies. He also is the India Coordinator for SikhRI and lead facilitator for Gurmukhi 101 at Sidak. He provides input for Sojhi, Liv, Saneha and Mahima program presentations and feels this work helps him explore his roots and identity deeper, giveing him a stronger sense of purpose. He is particularly fascinated by Sikh theology, which daily provides new perspectives and experiences to observe the world through. He is heavily involved with various religious, educational and human development organizations and currently volunteers for Panjab Digital Library. He lives in the outskirts of Chandigarh, Panjab, with his mother, wife and two sons.
While serving as the Guru, Guru Teghbahadar Sahib visited far-off places and interacted with many individuals and communities. The Guru faced opposition not only on the external front but also on the home front. But, the Guru navigated through schemings and aggressions, often even violent, with grace and wisdom. This article explores Guru’s interactions with people and communities and the underlying principles governing Guru’s politics.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s death in 1839 left a big void in the rule of the Sikh kingdom, which led to the annexation of Panjab by the British. His throne was inherited by multiple claimant heirs, none of whom could survive the intrigues and the schemings of the succession war in the royal court. Maharani Jind Kaur’s story is the narrative of a brave woman, who through all the trials and tribulations of the succession war, with all her faults, proved her mettle as a regent to the young Maharaja Duleep Singh, while also maneuvering through the diplomatic chicaneries of the British to the extent that even the British were wary of her.